1. Adrizal O and Ohtani S (2002) Defatted rice bran non starch polysaccharides in broiler diets: effects of supplements on nutrient digestibilities. Journal of Poultry Science 39(2): 67-76.
2. Aviagen (2014) Ross 308 Broiler Nutrition Specifications. Aviagen Group, Huntsville. Available at: http://www.en.aviagen.com/assets/Tech_Cente r/Ross_Broiler/Ross-308-Broiler-Nutrition-
Specs-2014r17-EN.pdf (Accessed 16 June 2017).
3. Bao YM and Choct M (2010) Dietary NSP nutrition and intestinal immune system for broiler chickens. World’s Poultry Science Journal 66(3): 511-518.
4. Biggs PE, Persia ME, Koelkebeck KW and Parsons CM (2004) Further evaluation of non feed removal methods for molting programs. Poultry Science 83(5): 745-752.
5. Blasi DA, Brouk MJ, Drouillard J and Montgomery SP (2001) Corn gluten feed, composition and feeding value for beef and dairy cattle. Kansas State University Extension.Available at: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/bookstore/pubs/mf24 88.pdf. (Accessed 14 March 2018).
6. Capote KL (2013) The effect of corn gluten feed on performance and carcass characteristics of feeder lambs. M. Sc. Thesis. Department of Agriculture, Angelo State University, Texas, USA.
7. Castanon F, Leeper RW and Parsons CM (1990) Evaluation of corn gluten feed in the diets of laying hens. Poultry Science 69(1): 90-97.
8. Chen YC and Chen TC (2004) Mineral utilization in layers as influenced by dietary oligofructose and inulin. International Journal of Poultry Science 3(7): 442-445.
9. Corfield AP, Carroll D, Myerscough N and Probert CS (2001) Mucins in the gastrointestinal tract in health and disease. Frontiers in Bioscience 6: 1321-1357.
10. Coudray C, Tressol JC, Gueux E and Rayssiguier Y (2003) Effects of inulin-type fructans of different chain length and type of branching on intestinal absorption and balance of calcium and magnesium in rats. European Journal of Nutrition 42(2): 91-98.
11. de Melo Piresa J, Ferreirab LG, de Oliveira BSFM, Zangeronimob MG, da Silva ICB, de Souza ADC, Correa GF, Parisid G and Brandia RA (2017) Replacing wheat bran by corn gluten feed without steep water in complete dog food. Italian Journal of Animal Science 17(1): 263-268.
12. El-Deek AA, Osman M, Yakout HM and Mahmoud M (2009) Evaluation of corn gluten feed as a feed ingredient for laying hens. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal 29(1): 1-19.
13. Ham GA, Stock RA, Klopfenstein TJ and Huffman RP (1995) Determining the net energy value of wet and dry corn gluten feed in beef growing and finishing diets. Journal of Animal Science 73(2):353-359.
14. Hoffman L and Baker A (2010) Market issues and prospects for US Distillers' grains supply, use and price relationships. USDA, Economic research service. Available at: https://ethanolrfa.org/wpcontent/ uploads/2015/09/Market-Issues.pdf. (Accessed 10 February 2019).
15. Hosseini SA, Nadalian M, Hosseini SH, Shamaei S and Soleimani MR (2017) Corn and wet milling products in human and livestock nutrition. Kaje Talaei Publications, Qom.
16. Jiang JF, Song XM, Huang X, Zhou WD, Wu JL, Zhu ZG, Zheng HC and Jiang YQ (2012) Effects of alfalfa meal on growth performance and gastrointestinal tract development of growing duck. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 25(10): 1445-1450.
17. Kawauchi IM, Sakomura NK, Vasconcellos RS, de-Oliveira LD, Gomes MOS, Loureiro BA and Carciofi AC (2011) Digestibility and metabolizable energy of maize gluten feed for dogs as measured by two different techniques. Animal Feed Science and Technology 169(1): 96-103.
18. Kellems RO and Church DC (2009) Livestock Feeds and Feeding. 6th edition, Pearson Press, New Jersey, USA.
19. Marcu A, Vacaru-Opriş I, Dumitrescu G, Petculescu Ciochină L, Marcu A, Nicula M, Peţ I, Dronca D, Kelciov B and Mariş C (2013) The influence of genetics on economic efficiency of broiler chickens growth. Animal Science and Biotechnologies 46(2): 339-346.
20. Montagne L, Pluske JR and Hampson DJ (2003) A review of interactions between dietary fiber and the intestinal mucosa, and their consequences on digestive health in young non-ruminant animals. Animal Feed Science and Technology 108: 95-117.
21. Myer B and Hersom M (2008) Corn gluten feed for beef cattle. University of Florida
Extension. Available at: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/AN/AN20100.p df. (Accessed 8 June 2018).
22. National Research Council (1994) Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th revised edition, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
23. Peterson AL, Qureshi MA, Ferket PR and Fuller Jr JC (1999) Enhancement of cellular and humoral immunity in young broilers by the dietary supplementation of β-hydroxy- β- methylbutyrate. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology 21(2): 307-330.
24. Rattray J (2012) The implications of the increasing global demand for corn [Online]. Available at: http://www.uwlax.edu/urc/JURonline/ PDF/2012/Rattray.Jennifer.pdf. (Accessed 5 February 2019).
25. Rausch KD and Belyea RL (2006) The future of coproducts from corn processing. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 128: 47-86.
26. Rochell SJ, Kerr BJ and Dozier WA (2011) Energy determination of corn co-products fed to broiler chicks from 15 to 24 days of age, and use of composition analysis to predict nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy. Poultry Science 90(9): 1999-2007.
27. Roque NC, Vivian de Aro J, Aquino AA, Pereira MA and de Oliveira BSFM (2006) Utilizacão da fibra na nutricão de cães [Use of fiber in dog nutrition]. Boletim Agropecuãrio. 70:1-13. (in Portuguese) Available from: http://livraria.editora.ufla.br/upload/boletim/tecnic o/ boletim-tecnico-70.pdf (Accessed 19 Feb 2017).
28. Sabour S, Tabeidian SA and Sadeghi G (2018). Dietary organic acid and fiber sources affect performance, intestinal morphology, immune responses and gut microflora in broilers. Animal Nutrition. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.07.004. (Accessed 20 November 2018).
29. Sadeghi A, Toghyani M and Gheisari A (2015) Effect of various fiber types and choice feeding of fiber on performance, gut development, humoral immunity, and fiber preference in broiler chicks. Poultry Science 94(11): 2734-2743.
30. Sarikhan M, Shahryari HA, Nazeradl K, Gholizadeh B and Behesht B (2009) Effects of insoluble fiber on serum bio-chemical characteristics in broiler. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11(1): 73-76.
31. SAS (2003) SAS/STAT Users Guide: Version 9.1 edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
32. Schroder JW (2010) Corn gluten feed
composition, storage, handling, feeding and value. North Dakota State University Extension Service. Available at: http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/pubs/ansci/dairy/as1127. pdf. (Accessed 8 May 2017).
33. Shirzadegan K and Taheri HR (2017) Insoluble fibers affected the performance, carcass characteristics and serum lipid of broiler chickens fed wheat based diet. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science 7(1): 109-117.
34. Uni Z, Smirnov A and Sklan D (2003) Preand posthatch development of goblet cells in the broiler small intestine: Effect of delayed access to feed. Poultry Science 82(2): 320-327.
35. USDA (2012) US Drought 2012: farm and food impacts [Online]. Available at: http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/in-the-news/usdrought- 2012-farm-and-food-impacts.aspx. (Accessed 4 January 2017).