نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی زنجان، زنجان- ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مرمز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و نابع طبیعی استان زنجان

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

اثر استفاده از مکمل پروبیوتیک‌ داخلی ( مولتی‌بهسیل)، وارداتی (بیوپلاس B2) و آنتی بیوتیک آویلامایسین برعملکرد، شاخص‌های لیپیدی خون و ریخت شناسی روده کوچک با استفاده از 360 قطعه جوجه گوشتی نر راس 308 در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با شش تیمار، چهار تکرار و 15 قطعه در هر تکرار از سن 11 تا 42 روزگی بررسی شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل 1) بدون افزودنی (شاهد)، 2) جیره حاوی0/1 درصد پروبیوتیک تجاری بیوپلاس B2، 3) جیره حاوی 0/01 درصد آنتی بیوتیک آویلامایسین و تیمارهای 4 تا 6-به ترتیب جیره‌های حاوی 0/05، 0/1 و 0/15 درصد پروبیوتیک مولتی بهسیل بودند. نتایج نشان داد که وزن بدن و ضریب تبدیل جوجه ها در جیره حاوی پروبیوتیک بیوپلاس B2 و آنتی‌بیوتیک بهتر از سایر تیمارها بود (0/05>P). وزن بدن و ضریب تبدیل در پرندگانی که مولتی بهسیل به میزان0/1 و 0/15 درصد دریافت کردند با پرندگانی که پروبیوتیک بیوپلاس دریافت کردند تفاوت نداشتند. خوراک مصرفی تحت تاثیر تیمارهای آزمایشی قرار نگرفت. پاسخ ایمنی همورال و شاخص‌های ریخت‌شناسی روده در پرندگانی که پروبیوتیک مولتی بهسیل در سطح 0/15 درصد دریافت کردند تفاوت معنی‌دار با گروه شاهد نشان نداد لیکن از نظر آماری توانست با گروه‌های دریافت کننده پروبیوتیک بیوپلاس و آنتی‌بیوتیک برابری کند. سطح LDL خون در تیمارهای پروبیوتیک‌ بیوپلاس B2، آنتی‌بیوتیک و پروبیوتیک مولتی بهسیل0/15 درصد کاهش معنی‌دار نشان داد (0/05>P). به طور کلی، نتایج نشان داد که سطح 0/15درصد پروبیوتیک مولتی بهسیل می‌تواند جایگزین مناسب برای پروبیوتیک‌ بیوپلاس B2 و آنتی‌بیوتیک محرک رشد آویلامایسین در دوره رشد و پایانی جوجه‌های گوشتی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the effect of domestic and imported probiotics on growth performance, blood lipid parameters and small intestine morphology of broilers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein nemati 1
  • Hassan Almasi 2
  • Reza Masomi 3
  • mohamad hossein shahir 3

1 Assistant Professor, Animal Science Research Department, Zanjan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Zanjan, Iran

2 Zanjan Agriculturl and Natural Resources Research Center

3 Animal Science Department, Zanjan University

چکیده [English]

In this research the effect of using domestic (Multibehcil) and imported (Bioplus B2) probiotic supplements and Avilamycin antibiotics were
investigated on performance, parameters of blood lipid and small intestine morphology by a sample of 360 male Ross-308 broilers aging 11 to 42
days-old in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments, 4 replications and 15 chickens per each replicate. Experimental treatments included 1)
without additive (control), 2) diets containing 0.1% of commercial bioplus B2 probiotic, 3) diets containing 0.01% of avilamycin antibiotic and
treatments 4) to 6) diets containing 0.05%, 1% and 0.15% of Multibehcil, respectively. The results showed that body weight and feed conversion ratio
was improved by using bioplus B2 probiotic and antibiotic (P < 0.05). Body weight and feed conversion ratio in birds receiving 0.1% and 0.15% of
Multibehcil were not significantly different from birds receiving bioplus probiotic. Feed intake was not affected by the experimental treatments.
Humoral immune response and intestinal morphological parameters in birds receiving 0.15% of Multibehcil was not significantly different from the
control group and it was statistically equal to the groups receiving bioplus probiotics and antibiotics. The LDL level of blood showed a significant
decrease in Bioplus B2, antibiotic and 0.15% of Multibehcil treatments (P < 0.05). In general, the results indicated that using of Multibehcil at the
level of 0.15 percent can be a suitable alternative for both Bioplus B2 and Avilamycin during grower and finisher period in broilers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antibiotic
  • Blood parameters
  • broiler
  • Performance
  • Probiotic
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