Ahmad G, Mushtaq T, Aslam mirza M and Ahmad Z (2007) Comparative bioefficacy of lysine from L-lysine hydrochloride or L-lysine sulfate in basal diets containing graded levels of canola meal for female broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 86: 525-530.
Akiba Y and Matsumoto T (1980) Effects of several types of dietary fibers on lipid content in liver and plasma, nutrient retentions and plasma transaminase activities in force-fed growing chicks. The Journal of Nutrition. 110: 1112-1121.
Amerah AM, Ravindran V, Lentle RG and Thomas DG (2007a) Feed particle size: Implications on the digestion and performance of poultry. Worlds Poultry Science. 63: 439- 455.
AOAC (1995). Association of official analytical chemists. Official methods of AOAC International, 16th ed. Virgiinia. USA.
Bach Knudsen KE, Johansen HN, Glitso V (1997) Methods for analysis of Dietary Fibre-advantage and limitation. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences. 6: 185-206.
Baurhoo B, Phillip L and Ruiz-Feria CA (2007) Effects of purified lignin and mannan oligosaccharides on intestinal integrity and microbial populations in the ceca and litter of broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 86:1070-1078.
Boundoma D, Berichche M (2011) Effect of hard wheat bran on performance of layers. Livestock Research For Rual Developmen. 23: 169-173.
Dansky LM and Hill FW (1952) Application of the chromic oxide indicator method to balance studies with growing chickens. Journal of Nutrition. 47: 449-459.
Duncan DB (1955) Multiple range and multiple F test. Biometrics. 11: 1-42.
Gabriel I, Mallet S and Leconte M (2003) Differences in the digestive tract characteristics of broiler chickens fed on complete pelleted diet or on whole wheat added to pelleted protein concentrate. British Poultry Science. 44: 283-290.
Gonzalez-Alvarado JME, Jimenez-Moreno, R. Lazaro, and GG Mateos (2007) Effects of cereal, heat processing of the cereal, and fiber on productive performance and digestive traits of broilers. Poultry Science. 86: 1705-1715.
Guban J, Korver DR, Allison GE, Tannock GW (2006) Relationship of dietary antimicrobial drug administration with broiler performance, decreased population levels of Lactobacillus salivarius, and reduced bile salt deconjugation in the ileum of broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 85: 2186–2194.
Hooge DM (2004) Meta-analysis of broiler chicken pen trials-evaluating dietary mannanoligosaccharide, 1993–2003. International Journal of Poultry Science. 3: 163-174.
Jiménez-Moreno E, González-Alvarado J, de Coca-Sinova A, Lázaro R and Mateos G (2009) Effects of source of fibre on the development and pH of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 154: 93-101.
Jimenez- Moreno E, Gozalez- Alvarado JM, Lazaro R and Mateos GG (2009b) Effects of type of cereal, heat processing of the cereal, and fiber inclusion in the deit on gizzard pH and nutrient unilization in broiler from one to twenty- one days of age. Poultry Science. 88(9): 1925-1933.
Jiménez-Moreno E, Romero C, Berrocoso JD, Frikha M and Mateos GG (2011) Effects of the inclusion of oat hulls or sugar beet pulp in the diet on gizzard characteristics, apparent ileal digestibility of nutrients, and microbial count in the ceca in 36-day-old broilers reared on floor. Poultry Science. 90(1): 153.
Kannan M, Karunakaran R, Balakrishnan V and Prabhakar TG (2005) Influence of prebiotics supplementation on lipid profile of broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science. 4: 994-997.
Lazaro N, Garcia M, Aranibar MJ and Mateose GG (2003) Effect of enzyme addition to wheat, wheat-barey or supplemented with xylanase. Candian Journal of Animal Science. 82: 193-199.
Mateos GG, Jiménez-Moreno E, Serrano MP and Lázaro RP (2012) Poultry response to high levels of dietary fiber sources varying in physical and chemical characteristics. Poultry Science. 21:156–174.
Mohamed MA, Hassan HMA and El-Barkouky EMA (2008) Effect of mannan oligosaccharide on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. Journal of Agriculture and Social Science. 4(1): 13-17.
Montagen L, Pluske JR and Hampson DJ (2003) Areview of interactions between dietary fibre and the intestinal mucosa, and their consequences on in young-runimant animal. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 108: 95-117.
NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Ooi LG and Liong MT (2010) Cholesterol-lowering effects of probiotics and prebiotics: a review of in vivo and in vitro findings. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 11: 2499-2522.
Rougiere N and Carre B (2010) Comparsion of gastrointestinal transit times between chinckens from D+ and D_ genetic lines selected for diyersent digestion efficacy. Journal Animal Science. 4: 1861-1872.
SAS Institute (2013) SAS User’s Guide. Version 9.4. SAS Institute Introduction., Cary, North Carolina.
Svihus B (2011) The gizzard : Function, influence of diet strueture and effectson nutrient availability. Worlds Poultry Science. 67: 207-224.
Svihus B, Juvik E, Hetland H and Krogdahl Å (2004) Causes for improvement in nutritive value of broiler chicken diets with whole wheat instead of ground wheat. British Poultry Science. 45: 55-60.
Tabook NM, Kadim IT, Mahgoub O and Al-Marzooqi W (2006) The effect of date fibre supplemented with an exogenous enzyme on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science. 47(1): 73-82.
Van Krimpen MMRP, Kwakkel CMC, Van Peet-shwering LA den Hartog and Verstegen MWA (2009) Effects of nutrient dilution and non starch polysaccharide concentration in rearing and laying dites on eating be havior and feather damage of rearing and laying hens. Poultry Science. 88: 759-773.
Yang Y, Iji PA and Choct M (2007) Effects of different dietary levels of mannanoligosaccharide on growth performance and gut development of broiler chickens. Journal of Animal Science 20: 1084-1091.