تأثیر افزودن منابع معدنی، کیلات و نانو آهن به جیره بر عملکرد، ذخیره آهن در بافت‌ها و کیفیت گوشت بلدرچین‌ ژاپنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه زابل، دانشکده کشاورزی، گروه علوم دامی

2 دانشگاه زابل - تخصص: ‌تغذیه طیور

3 دانشیار، دانشگاه زابل، تخصص: تغذیه طیور/افزودنی ها/ مایکوتوکسین ها

4 دانشگاه زابل، گروه علوم دامی

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثرات افزودن سطوح مختلف منابع نمک معدنی، کیلات و نانو آهن به جیره بر عملکرد، ذخیره آهن در بافت­ها و کیفیت گوشت بلدرچین ژاپنی، آزمایشی با تعداد 400 قطعه بلدرچین ژاپنی نر در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 10 تیمار آزمایشی و چهار تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل یک جیره پایه فاقد مکمل آهن (شاهد) و جیره­های­ پایه مکمل‌شده با سطوح 60، 90 و120 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم سولفات، کیلات و نانو آهن بودند. پرندگانی که با مقدار 120 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم کیلات آهن تغذیه شدند، افزایش وزن بیشتری نسبت به گروه‌های شاهد، 60 و 120 میلی‌گرم سولفات داشتند )05/0>(P. تغذیه 90 و 120 میلی­گرم نانو آهن باعث بهبود ضریب تبدیل خوراک در مقایسه با گروه‌های شاهد، سولفات و 60 میلی‌گرم کیلات آهن شد )05/0>(P. پرندگانی که با 90 و  120 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم کیلات و 120 میلی گرم نانو آهن تغذیه شدند، دارای آهن بیشتری در گوشت سینه نسبت به گروه­های سولفات و شاهد بودند )05/0>(P. گروه 120 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم کیلات آهن ظرفیت نگهداری آب بیشتری را نسبت به تیمارهای شاهد، 60 و 90 میلی‌گرم سولفات، 60 میلی‌گرم کیلات و 90 میلی‌گرم نانو آهن و مقدار مالون دی آلدهید کمتر از گروه شاهد و 60 میلی‌گرم سولفات آهن داشت )05/0>(P. گروه 120 میلی­گرم نانو آهن، میزان آهن کبد و سرم خون بیشتر و افت ناشی از پخت کمتر در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد داشت )05/0>(P. در پژوهش حاضر، اشکال و سطوح مختلف آهن، بر پارامترهای مورد بررسی، اثر متغیری داشتند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different levels of mineral, chelate and nano iron resources supplementation to diet on performance, tissue iron reserves and meat quality of Japanese quail

نویسندگان [English]

  • Meysam pourtaheri 1
  • Mehran Mehri 2
  • Farzad Bagherzadeh Kasmani 3
  • Mahmoud Ghazaghi 4
1 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol
2 University of Zabol
3 Department of Animal Sciences, University of Zabol
4 Department of Animal Science, University of Zabol
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effects of different levels of mineral salts, chelates and nano iron resources supplementation to diet on performance, tissue iron reserves and meat quality of Japanese quails, an experiment was carried out using 400 Japanese quails in a completely randomized design with 10 experimental treatments and 4 replicates. The experimental treatments consisted of one basal diet without iron supplement (control) and basal diets supplemented with levels of 60, 90 and 120 mg/kg of sulfate, chelate and nano iron. Birds fed 120 mg chelate of iron had more weight gain than control, 60 and 120 mg sulfate (P<0.05). Nutrition of 90 and 120 mg Nano iron improved feed conversion ratio compared to controls, sulfate and 60 mg chelate iron. Birds fed with diet containing 90 and 120  mg chelate and 120  mg nano iron had more iron accumulation in breast meat than sulfate and control groups (P<0.05). The group of 120 mg chelate iron had higher water holding capacity than control, 60 mg and 90 mg sulfate, 60 mg chelate and 90 mg nano iron treatments, and lower amount of malondialdehyde than control and 60 mg sulfate iron groups. The group of 120 mg nano iron had higher iron in the liver and blood serum, and lower cooking loss compared to the control (P<0.05). Effect of experimental treatments on feed cost were not significant. In this study, various forms and levels of iron had a variable effect on the studied parameters.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chelate
  • Iron resources
  • Meat quality
  • Nano
  • performance
  • quail
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