Abascal K and Yarnell E (2003) The many faces of Silybum marianum (Milk Thistle). Alternative and Complementary Therapie. pp: 170-175.
Allameh E and Razzaghi Abyaneh (2001) Mycotoxins. First Edition, Imam Hossein University Press. (IN Persian)
Amiri dumari H, Sarir H, Fani makki O and Afzali N (2013) Effects of milk thistle seed against aflatoxin B1 in broiler model. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 18(9): 786-790.
Campbell MLJ, May JD, Huff WE and Doerr JA (1983) Evaluation of immunity of young broilers chickens during simultaneous aflatoxicosis and ochratoxicosis. Poultry Science. 62(11): 2144-2183.
Chen X, Naehrer K and Applegate TJ (2016) Interactive effects of dietary protein concentration and aflatoxin B1 on performance, nutrient digestibility, and gut health in broiler chicks. Poultry Science. 95:1312–1325.
Cross DE, Mcdevitt RM, Hillman K and Acamovic T (2007) The effect of herbs and their associated essential oils on performance, dietary digestibility and gut microflora in chickens from 7 to 28 days of age. British Poultry Science. 48(4): 496 -506.
Daneshyar F, Afzali N and Farhangfar H (2014) Effects of different levels of date pits in broilers’ feed contaminated with aflatoxin B1 on broilers’ performance and carcass characteristic. African Journal of Biotechnology. 13(1): 185-193.
Fani Makki o, Afzali N and Omidi A (2013) Effect of Different Levels of Silymarin (Silybum marianum) on Growth Rate, Carcass Variables and Liver Morphology of Broiler Chickens Contaminated with Aflatoxin B1. Poultry Science Journal. 1(2): 105-116.
Foster S and Tyler VE (2003) Tyler’s Honest Herbal: A Sensible Guide to the Use of Herbs and Related Remedies. New York Haworth Herbal Press. pp: 5-253.
Gowda SK and Sastry VRB (2000) Neem (Azadirachta indica) seed cake in animal feeding-scope and limitation-Review. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 13(5): 720-728.
Kalorey DR, kurkure NV, Ramgaonkar IS Sakhare PS Warke S and Nigot NK (2005) Effect of polyherbal feed supplement "Growell" during induced aflatoxicosis, ochratoxicosis and combined mycotoxicbses in broilers. Poultry Science. 65(12): 2239-2245.
Kordi H, Aghdasi M and Khalafi M (2013) An investigation on flavonolignans in different organs of Silybium marianum L. in Gorgan region. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 29(3): 651-775. (IN Persian)
Lang L, Nekam K and Gonzalez-Cabello R (1990) Hepatoprotective and immunological effects of antioxidant drugs. The Torkai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine. 15(2-3): 123-127.
Miazzo R, Peralta MF, Rosa CAR and Dalcero A (2005) Efficiency of sodium bentonite as a detoxifier of broiler feed contaminated with aflatoxin and fumunisin. Poultry Science. 84(1): 1-8.
NRC (1994) Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Rev. Ed., National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA. P. 74.
Phalah Hossini H, Yazdani V, Amin G and Maki Zadeh Tafti M (2004) View the anticancer effects of milk thistle. Journal of Medicinal Plants. 4: 46-54. (IN Persian)
Rosa CAR, Miazzo R, Magnoli C, Salvano M, Chiacchiera SM, Ferrero S, Saenz M, Carvallho ECQ and Dalcero A (2001) Evaluation of the efficacy of bentonite from the south of argentina to ameliorate the toxic effects of aflatoxin in broilers. Poultry Science. 80(2): 139-144.
Shotwell OL, Hesseltine CW, Stubblefield RD and Sorenson WG (1966) Production of aflatoxin on rice. Applied Microbiology. 14(3): 8-425.
Smith BP (2002) Large Animal Internal Medicine. 3rd ed, Mosby Harcourt, St. Louis, MO. pp: 1627–1637.
Tedesco D, Steidler S, Galletti S, Tameni M, Sanzogni O and Ravarotto L (2004) Efficacy of a silymarinephospholipid complex in reducing the toxicity of aflatoxin B1 in broiler chicks. Poultry Science. 83(11): 1839-1843.
Vogel G, Tuchweber B, Trost W and Mengs U (1984) Protein by silibinin against Amanita phalloides intoxication in Beagles. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 73(3): 355-362.
Wilasrusmee C, Kittur S, Shah G, Siddiqui J, Bruch D, Wilasrusmee S and Kittur DS (2002) Immunostimulatory effect of Silybum marianum (Milk Thistle) extract. Medical Science Monitor. 8(11): 439- 443.
Williams P and Losa R (2001) The use of essential oils and their compounds in poultry nutrition. Journal of World Poultry Science. 17(4): 14-15.
Yunus AW, Razzazi-Fazeli E and Bohm J (2011) Aflatoxin B1 in Affecting Broiler’s Performance, Immunity, and Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of History and Contemporary Issues. Toxins. 3(6): 566-590.
Zeyaye E, Phalah Hossini H, Rajabian T, Pour Hosseini L, Naghdi Badi H and Rezazadeh S (2004) Investigating the effect of different solvents on the extraction of silymarin from milk thistle seeds. Journal of Medicinal Plants. 4: 7-12. (In Persian)