1 . Association of Official Analytical Chemisis. AOAC (1990) Official Method of Analysis, Vol. I. 15th ed. AOAC, Arlington, VA.
2 . Deckardt K, Khol-Parisiniand A and Zebli Q (2013) Peculiarities of Enhancing Resistant Starch in Ruminants Using Chemical Methods: Opportunities and Challenges. Nutrients. 5: 1970-1988.
3 . Dehghan-Banadaky M, Corbett R and Oba M (2007) Effects of barley grain processing on productivity of cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 137: 1-24.
4 . Fox JT, Depenbusch BE, Drouillard JS and Nagaraja TG (2007) Dry-rolled or steam-flaked grain-based diets and fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157 in feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 85: 1207-1212.
5 . Ghorbani GR and Hadj-Hussaini A (2002) In situ degradability of Iranian barley grain cultivars. Small Ruminant Research. 44: 207-212.
6 . Harder H, Khol-Parisini A and Zebeli Q (2015b) Treatments with organic acids and pullulanase differently affect resistant starch and fiber composition in flour of various barley genotypes (Hordeum vulgare L.). Starke. 67: 512-520.
7 . Iqbal S, Zebeli Q, Mazzolari A, Bertoni G, Dunn SM, Yang WZ and Ametaj BN (2009) Feeding barley grain steeped in lactic acid modulates rumen fermentation patterns and increases milk fat content in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 92: 6023-6032.
8 . Iqbal S, Terrill SJ, Zebeli Q, Mazzolari A, Dunn SM, Yang WZ and Ametaj BN (2012) Treating barley grain with lactic acid and heat prevented sub-acute ruminal acidosis and increased milk fat content in dairy cows. Journal of Animal Feed Science and Technology. 172: 141-149.
9 . Kononoff PJ, Heinrichs AJ and Buckmaster DR (2003) Modification of the Penn State forage and total moxed ration particle separator and the effects of moisture content on its measurements. Journal of Dairy Science. 86: 1858-1863.
10 . National Research Council. NRC (2001) Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Sci., Washington, DC.
11 . Nocek JE (1997) Bovine acidosis: Implications on laminitis. Journal of Dairy Science. 80:1005–1028.
12 . Offner A, Bach A and Sauvant D (2003) Quantitative review of in situ starch degradation in the rumen. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 106: 81-93.
13 . Owens FN, Zinn RA and Kim YK (1986) Limits to starch digestion in the ruminant small intestine. Journal of Animal Science. 63: 1634-1648.
14 . Reynolds CK, Cammel SB, Humphries DJ, Beever DE, Sutton JD and Newbold JR (2001) Effects of postrumen starch infusion on milk production and energy metabolism in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 84: 2250-2259.
15 . SAS Institute (2004) User's Guide. Version 9.1: Statistics. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
16 . Van Keulen JV and Young BA (1977) Evaluation of acid insoluble ash as a natural marker in ruminant digestibility studies. Journal of Animal Science. 44: 282-287.
17 . Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB and Lewis BA (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science. 74: 3583-3597.
18 . Yang WZ, Beauchemin KA, Koenig K and Rode LM (1997) Effects of barley, hulless barley, and corn in concentrates on site and extent of digestion by lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 80: 2885-2895.
19 . Yang WZ, Beauchemin KA and Rode LM (2000) Effects of barley grain processing on extent of digestion and milk production of lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 83: 554-568.