1 . Akhlaghi A, Zamiri MJ, Zare Shahneh A, Jafari Ahangari Y, Nejati Javaremi A, Rahimi Mianji G, Mollasalehi MR, Shojaie H, Akhlaghi AA, Deldar H, Atashi H, Ansari Pirsaraei Z and Zhandi M (2012) Maternal hyperthyroidism is associated with a decreased incidence of cold-induced ascites in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 91: 1165-1172.
2 . Bruzual JJ, Peak SD, Brake J and Peebles ED (2000) Effects of relative humidity during incubation on hatchability and body weight of broiler chicks from young breeder flocks. Poultry Science. 79: 827-830.
3 . Buys N, Buyse J, Hassanzadeh-Ladmakhi M and Decuypere E (1998) Intermittent lighting reduces the incidence of ascites in broilers: An interaction with protein content of feed on performance and the endocrine system. Poultry Science. 77: 54-61.
4 . Christensen VL (1985) Supplemental thyroid hormones and hatchability of turkey eggs. Poultry Science. 64: 2202-2210.
5 . De los SF, Tellez G, Farnell MB, Balog JM, Anthony NB, Pavlidis HO and Donoghue AM (2005) Hypobaric hypoxia in ascites resistant and susceptible broiler genetic lines influences gut morphology. Poultry Science. 84: 1495-1498.
6 . Decuypere E, Van As P, Van der Geyten S and Darras VM (2005) Thyroid hormone availability and activity in avian species: A review. Domestic Animal Endocrinology. 29: 63-77.
7 . Dietert RR and Austic RE (1994) Environment–immune interactions. Poultry Science. 73: 1062-1076.
8 . Ebrahimi MR, Jafari Ahangari Y, Zamiri MJ, Akhlaghi A and Atashi H (2012) Does preincubational in ovo injection of buffers or antioxidants improve the quality and hatchability in long-term stored eggs? Poultry Science. 91: 2970-2976.
9 . Hamburger V and Hamilton HL (1951) A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryo. Journal of Morphology. 88: 49-92.
10 . Lorenzoni AG and Ruiz-Feria CA (2006) Effects of vitamin E and l-arginine on cardiopulmonary function and ascites parameters in broilers chickens reared under sub-normal temperatures. Poultry Science. 85: 2241-2250.
11 . Lourens A, van den Brand H, Meijerhof R and Kemp B (2005) Effect of eggshell temperature during incubation on embryo development, hatchability and post-hatch development. Poultry Science. 84: 914-920.
12 . Luger D, Shinder D and Yahav S (2002) Hyper- or hypothyroidism: Its association with the development of ascites syndrome in fast-growing chickens. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 127: 293-299.
13 . Luger D, Shinder D, Rzepakovsky V, Rusal M and Yahav S (2001) Association between weight gain, blood parameters and thyroid hormones and the development of ascites syndrome in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 80: 965-971.
14 . McNabb AFM (2006) Avian thyroid development and adaptive plasticity. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 147: 93-101.
15 . Noble RC (1987) Lipid metabolism in the chick embryo: Some recent ideas. The Journal of Experimental Zoology Supplement. 1: 65-73.
16 . Ruiz-Feria CA (2009) Concurrent supplementation of arginine, vitamin E, and vitamin C improve cardiopulmonary performance in broilers chickens. Poultry Science. 88: 526-535.
17 . Schalm OW, Jain NC and Caroll EJ (1975) Veterinary Haematology, 3rd Ed. Pages 15-81, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.
18 . Shinder D, Rusal M, Giloh M and Yahav S (2009) Effect of repetitive acute cold exposures during the last phase of broiler embryogenesis on cold resistance through the life span. Poultry Science. 88: 636-646.
19 . Siegel HS (1985) Immunological responses as indicators of stress. World’s Poultry Science. 41: 36-44.
20 . Siegel HS and Latimer JW (1984) Interaction of high temperature and Salmonella pullorum antigen concentration on serum agglutinin and corticosteroid responses in White Rock chickens. Poultry Science. 63: 2483-2491.
21 . Tamir H and Ratner S (1963). A study of ornithine, citrulline and arginine synthesis in growing chicks. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 102: 259-269.
22 . Tona K, Onagbesan O, De Ketelaere B, Decuypere E and Bruggeman V (2004) Effects of age of broiler breeders and egg storage on egg quality, hatchability, chick quality, chick weight, and chick posthatch growth to forty-two days. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 13: 10-18.
23 . Van der Geyten S, Van den Eynde I, Segers IB, Kuhn ER and Darras VM (2002) Differential expression of iodothyronine deiodinases in chicken tissues during the last week of embryonic development. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 128: 65-73.
24 . Wasan SM, Sellin JH and Vassilopoulou-Sellin R (2005) The gastrointestinal tract and liver in hypothyroidism. Pages 796-802 in Werner and Ingbar’s The Thyroid: A Fundamental and Clinical Text. L. E. Braverman, and R. D. Utiger, ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.
25 . Wideman RF, Kirby YK, Ismalil M, Bottje W, Moore R and Vardeman R (1995) Supplemental l-arginine attenuates pulmonary hypertension syndrome (ascites) in broilers. Poultry Science. 74: 323-330.