اثر پودر نعناع‌فلفلی و بادرنجبویه بر عملکرد و قابلیت هضم پروتئین و چربی در جوجه‏های گوشتی تحت تنش گرمایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران

چکیده

تأثیر پودر نعناع‌فلفلی و بادرنجبویه بر عملکرد، قابلیت هضم ظاهری، و فاکتورهای خونی جوجه‏های گوشتی تحت تنش گرمایی، آزمایشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 200 قطعه جوجۀ گوشتی نر یک‏روزه سویۀ رأس با پنج تیمار و چهار تکرار بررسی شد. تیمارها شامل: 1. جیرۀ پایه بدون مادۀ افزودنی، 2. جیرۀ پایه + 5/0 درصد نعناع‌فلفلی، 3. جیرۀ پایه + یک‌درصد نعناع‌فلفلی، 4. جیرۀ پایه + 2/0درصد بادرنجبویه، و 5. جیرۀ پایه + 4/0درصد بادرنجبویه بودند. جوجه‏ها تا 25روزگی با جیرۀ یکسان تغذیه شدند. از 25روزگی جوجه‏ها روزانه هشتساعت در دمای 2 ± 34 درجۀ سانتی‏گراد قرار گرفتند. اثر سطوح پودر نعناع‌فلفلی و بادرنجبویه بر مصرف خوراک معنی‌دار نبود، اما پرندگانی که جیره‏های حاوی این دو ترکیب را مصرف کردند، افزایش وزن روزانۀ بیشتر و ضریب تبدیل کمتری داشتند (05/0>P). بیشترین افزایش وزن روزانه و بهترین ضریب تبدیل در جوجه‏های تغذیه‌شده با یک‌درصد نعناع‌فلفلی مشاهده شد. قابلیت هضم ظاهری مادۀ خشک و چربی تحت‌تأثیر تیمارها قرار نگرفت، اما قابلیت هضم پروتئین در پرندگان تغذیه‌شده با یک‌درصد نعناع‌فلفلی بیشتر از پرندگان گروه شاهد بود (05/0>P). صفات بیوشیمیایی خون تحت‌تأثیر سطوح گوناگون پودر نعناع‌فلفلی و بادرنجبویه قرار نگرفت. براساس نتایج حاصل، مصرف پودر نعناع‌فلفلی به میزان یک‌درصد جیره در شرایط تنش گرمایی، قابلیت هضم پروتئین را افزایش می‌دهد و عملکرد رشد جوجه‏های گوشتی را بهبود می بخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Mentha piperita and Melissa officinalis powder on performance and digestibility of fat and protein of broilers subjected to heat stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Amiri Ghanatsaman 1
  • Omidali Esmaeilipour 2
  • Rouhollah Mirmahmoudi 2
  • Mozhgan Mazhari 2
1 M.Sc., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Mentha piperita (PP) and Melissa officinalis (MP)powder on performance, apparent digestibility of fat and protein and blood parametersof broiler chicks subjected to heat stress. 200-day-old male Ross broiler chicks were assigned to a completely randomized design with five dietary treatments and four replicates. The experimental treatments were: 1. Control group (diet without feed additive), 2. Diet supplemented with 0.5 percent PP, 3. Diet supplemented with 1 percent PP, 4. Diet supplemented with 0.2 percent MP and 5. Group supplemented with 0.4 percent MP. The experimental diets were offered to the chicks from 25 to 42 day of age. During the experiment, the birds were kept at 34°C ± 2 for 8 hours (9.00 to 17.00). The diets supplemented by Mentha piperita and Melissa officinalis powder had not significant effect on feed intake, but higher body weight gain (BWG) and lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) observed in the birds fed diet supplemented with one percent of PP. Apparent digestibility of dry matter and crude fat were not affected by the dietary treatments, but the digestibility of protein was increased (P<0.05) in birds fed on diet supplemented with one percent of PP. Dietaryinclusion of PP and MP had no effect on blood parameters. It could be concluded that addition of PP at the level of one percent of broilers diets during heat stress, improve protein digestibility and growth performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • broiler
  • heat stress
  • Melissa officinalis
  • Mentha piperita
  • performance
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