تأثیر عسل، ژله رویال و گرده زنبورعسل بر عملکرد، سامانه ایمنی و فراسنجه های خونی بلدرچین ژاپنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه پرورش و تولید طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران‌ـ‌ایران

2 استاد گروه پرورش و تولید طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران‌ـ‌ایران

3 استادیار گروه پرورش و تولید طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران‌ـ‌ایران

4 استاد، بخش تحقیقات زنبور عسل، مؤسسۀ تحقیقات علوم دامی کشور، کرج‌ـ‌ایران

چکیده

تأثیر عسل، ژله‏رویال و گردۀ زنبور عسل بر عملکرد، سامانۀ ایمنی و فاکتورهای خونی بلدرچین ژاپنی، با استفاده از 160 قطعه جوجۀ بلدرچین در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تیمار [شاهد (بدون افزودنی)، یک ‏گرم گرده در کیلوگرم خوراک، 125 میلی‏گرم در لیتر ژله‏رویال در آب آشامیدنی و 22 گرم در لیتر عسل در آب آشامیدنی] با چهار تکرار و 10 قطعه جوجه در هر تکرار به‌مدت 42 روز بررسی شد. مصرف خوراک و درصد تلفات در کل دوره تحت تأثیر تیمارهای آزمایشی قرار نگرفت. پرندگانی که در آب آشامیدنی عسل دریافت کردند، بهترین ضریب تبدیل غذایی و افزایش وزن روزانه را در مقایسه با سایر گروه‏ها داشتند. اثر تیمارها بر میزان تولید آنتی‏بادی علیه گلبول قرمز گوسفند معنی‏دار نبود. بالاترین عیار آنتی‏بادی علیه ویروس آنفلوانزا و نیوکاسل مربوط به تیمار عسل بود (05/0>P). افزودن گرده در جیره، ژله‌رویال و عسل در آب آشامیدنی وزن طحال را به‏طور معنی‏داری در مقایسه با گروه شاهد افزایش داد (01/0>P). گرده و عسل پاسخ بهتری را در مقایسه با ایمنی سلولی نشان دادند (01/0>P). استفاده از فرآورده‏های زنبورعسل، سبب بهبود فراسنجه‏های خونی شد (01/0>(P. نتایج نشان داد که عسل و ژله‌رویال علاوه بر بهبود عملکرد و تقویت سامانۀ ایمنی سبب کاهش گلوکز و لیپیدهای سرم شدند. گرده فراسنجه‏های خونی را بهبود بخشید ولی اثر کمتری بر بهبود سامانۀ ایمنی و عملکرد داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of honey, royal jelly and bee pollen on performance, immune system and blood parameters in Japanese quail

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sakineh Babaei 1
  • Shaban Rahimi 2
  • Mohammad Amir Karimi Torshizi 3
  • Gholam Hosein Tahmasebi 4
  • Seyed Naser Khaleghi Miran 1
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agricultural, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agricultural, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agricultural, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agricultural, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The effect of honey, royal jelly and bee pollenon performance, immune system and blood factors of Japanese quail, using 160 quail chicks in a completely randomized design by four treatments ]control (without additives), pollen powder 1 g/kg, royal jelly 125 ppm/L, honey 22 g/L) and four replicates of 10 chicks in each replication for 42 days. The experimental groups had no significant effect on feed intake and mortality rate (P>0.05) in whole period. Birds that received honey in drinking water, the best daily body weight gain and feed conversion ratio had compared to other groups. The experimental groups had no significant effect on the antibody production against sheep red blood cells. The highest antibody titers against Newcastle disease and Avian Influenza viruses were related to honey treatment (P<0.05). Addition of pollen to diet, royal jelly and honey in drinking water were significantly affected spleen weight compared to control group (P<0.01). Honey and pollen showed a better response to cell mediated immunity (P<0.01). The use of honey bee products improved blood factors (P<0.01). The results showed that the honey and royal jelly enhanced immunity and performance of the Japanese quails. Furthermore, they were reduced serum glucose and lipids in these birds. Although bee pollenimproved blood factors but it was less effective in improving the immune system and performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blood parameters
  • cell mediated immunity
  • honey bee
  • humoral immunity
  • Japanese quail
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