تأثیر چای ترش (Hibiscus sabdariffa) بر عملکرد جوجه‌های گوشتی تغذیه شده با جیره آلوده به آفلاتوکسین

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل - ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل – ایران

3 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل - ایران

4 استادیار، گروه علوم طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران - ایران

چکیده

تأثیر افزودن چای ترش به جیره بر عملکرد و پاسخ ایمنی جوجه‌های گوشتی تحت آفلاتوکسکوزیس با استفاده از 192 قطعه جوجه گوشتی یک­روزه جنس نر سویه رأس 308 در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تیمار، چهار تکرار و 12 جوجه در هر تکرار بررسی شد. تیمارها شامل 1 - جیره شاهد منفی (بدون افزودنی)، 2 – جیره شاهد مثبت (5/2 میلی­گرم آفلاتوکسین B1در کیلوگرم)، 3 - جیره حاوی چای ترش (10 گرم چای ترش در کیلوگرم) و 4 - جیره آلوده به آفلاتوکسین و حاوی چای ترش (5/2 میلی­گرم آفلاتوکسین B1+ 10 ­گرم در کیلوگرم چای ترش در کیلوگرم) می­باشند. اثر تیمارها بر مصرف خوراک معنی­دار نبود. افزایش وزن جوجه‌ها در تیمار شاهد مثبت کمتر از جوجه­های مربوط به تیمارهای دیگر بود (001/0P<). این پرندگان ضریب تبدیل بالاتری داشتند (001/0P<). میزان پادتن تولید شده علیه­ ویروس نیوکاسل و گلبول قرمز گوسفندی در جوجه­های تغذیه شده با جیرة کنترل مثبت و جیرة حاوی چای ترش به ترتیب پایین­تر و بالاتر از پرندگان گروه شاهد منفی بود (001/0P<). کمترین افزایش ضخامت پوست پس از چالش با دی­نیتروکلروبنزن در جوجه‌های دریافت­کنندة جیرة شاهد مثبت مشاهده شد (001/0P<). وزن نسبی بورس فابریسیوس در جوجه­های دریافت­کنندة جیرة کنترل مثبت و حاوی چای ترش به­ترتیب کمتر و بیشتر از گروه­ شاهد منفی بود (001/0P<). براساس نتایج تحقیق حاضر، افزودن چای ترش به جیره­های آلوده به آفلاتوکسین B1 در جوجه­های گوشتی، اثر سم آفلاتوکسین را بر پاسخ ایمنی و عملکرد تولیدی کاهش می­دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa on performance of broilers fed aflatoxin contaminated diet

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farhad Mohammadi 1
  • Farzad Bagherzadeh Kasmani 2
  • Kamal Shojaian 3
  • Mehran Mehri 3
  • Mohammad Amir Karimi Torshizi 4
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2 Assistant Professors, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
3 Assistant Professors, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Effect of adding Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) in diet on performance and immune response of broilers was examined during aflatoxicosis using a total of 192 day-old Ross 308 male chicks in a completely randomized design with four treatments, four replicates and 12 chicks per each replicate. Treatments were include: 1. negative control (without additives), 2. positive control (2.5 mg aflatoxin B1/kg), 3. diet containing Hibiscus sabdariffa(10 g HS/kg) and 4. diet contaminated with aflatoxin and containing Hibiscus sabdariffa (2.5 mg AFB1/kg + 10 g HS/kg). Effect of treatments on feed intake was not significant. Weight gain of chicks in positive control treatment was lower than those birds in other treatments (P<0.001). These birds had higher feed conversion ratio (P<0.001). Antibody titer against Newcastle disease virus and sheep red blood cell in birds fed positive control and containing Hibiscus sabdariffa diets were lower and higher than those birds in negative control group, respectively (P<0.001). The least skin thickness after challenging with dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) was observed in birds fed positive control diet (P<0.001). Relative weight of bursa of Fabricius in chicks fed positive control and Hibiscus sabdariffa diets was lower and higher than that of negative control group, respectively (P<0.001). Based on results of this experiment, supplementation of Hibiscus sabdariffa to aflatoxin contaminated diets could ameliorate the effects of toxin on growth performance and immunity response of broilers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aflatoxicosis
  • broiler
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa
  • Immunity
  • performance
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