تأثیر عصاره اتانولی بره موم، پودر رزماری و کرم خاکی بر عملکرد بلدرچین در حال رشد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه پرورش و مدیریت طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استادیار گروه پرورش و مدیریت طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 استاد گروه پرورش و مدیریت طیور، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

4 استادیار گروه علوم درمانگاهی، دانشکدۀ دامپزشکی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

تأثیر عصارۀ اتانولی بره‏موم سبز ایرانی، پودر رزماری و کرم ‌خاکی بر عملکرد، سیستم ایمنی و فراسنجه‏های خونی بلدرچین ژاپنی، با استفاده از 160 قطعه جوجۀ بلدرچین مخلوط نر و ماده در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تیمار (شامل 1/0 درصد عصارۀ اتانولی بره‏موم، 5/0 درصد پودر برگ رزماری، 5/0 درصد پودر کرم‌خاکی و تیمار شاهد) و چهار تکرار و 10 قطعه جوجه در هر تکرار به‌مدت 42 روز بررسی شد. پودر کرم‌خاکی سبب بهبود عملکرد شد (05/0>P). اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی بر میزان تولید آنتی‏بادی علیه گلبول قرمز گوسفند معنی‏دار نبود. بالاترین عیار آنتی‏بادی علیه آنفلوانزا و نیوکاسل به‏ترتیب مربوط به رزماری و بره‏موم بود (05/0>P). رزماری پاسخ بهتری را در ایمنی سلولی نشان داد (05/0>P). افزودن بره‏موم و رزماری به جیره، سبب بهبود فراسنجه‏های خونی شد و پودر کرم‌خاکی فقط تری‏گلیسرید، کلسترول و لیپوپروتئین با چگالی کم سرم خون را در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد کاهش داد (05/0>P). نتایج نشان داد که بره‏موم و رزماری علاوه بر تقویت سیستم ایمنی سبب کاهش گلوکز و لیپیدهای سرم شدند. پودر کرم‌خاکی عملکرد را بهبود بخشید، ولی اثر کمتری بر بهبود سیستم ایمنی و فراسنجه‏های خونی داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of ethanolic extract of propolis, rosemary and earthworm meal on performance of growing quails

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Naser Khaleghi Miran 1
  • Mohammad Amir Karimi Torshizi 2
  • Shaban Rahimi 3
  • Mohammad Reza Bassami 4
  • Sakine Babaei 1
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

The effect of ethanolic extract of Iranian green propolis, rosemary and earthworm meal to determine on performance, immune system and blood metabolites of Japanese quail, using 160 mixed-sex quail chicks in a completely randomized design by four treatments (including ethanolic extract of propolis 0.1 percent, rosemary leaves meal 0.5 percent, earthworm meal 0.5 percent and control) and four replicates of 10 birds in each replication for 42 days. Earthworm meal improved the performance (P<0.05). The treatments had no significant effect on the antibody production against sheep red blood cells. The highest antibody titers against Avian Influenza and Newcastle disease were related to rosemary and propolis, respectively (P<0.05). Rosemary supplemented group showed a better response to cell mediated immunity (P<0.05). Addition of propolis and rosemary in diet led to improvement in blood metabolites and earthworm meal decreased blood serum triglycerides, cholesterol and low density lipoproteins compared to the control treatment (P<0.05). The results showed that propolis and rosemary enhanced immunity. Furthermore, they were reduced serum glucose and lipids. Although earthworm meal improved performance but it was less effective in improving the immune system and blood metabolites.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidant properties
  • cell mediated immunity
  • humoral immunity
  • serum glucose
  • serum lipids
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