تأثیر روش‌های مختلف تغذیه در روزهای اول دوره پرورش بر صفات تولیدی و متابولیت‌های خونی جوجه‌های گوشتی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار،بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ایلام، سازمان تحقیقات آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ایلام ایران

2 استادیار.گروه علوم دامی، واحد ایلام، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، ایلام، ایران

3 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد. گروه علوم دامی، واحد ایلام، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، ایلام، ایران

4 استادیار،بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی- مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ایلام- سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی.

چکیده

تأثیر روش‌های مختلف تغذیه در سه روز اول دوره پرورش بر صفات تولیدی و سیستم ایمنی جوجه‌های گوشتی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با هشت تیمار، چهار تکرار و 15 قطعه جوجه یک‌روزه راس 308 در هرتکرار به مدت 49 روز بررسی شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل 1) آب معمولی و جیره‌آغازین 2) آب معمولی و پودر ذرت در 48 ساعت 3) آب حاوی پنج درصد شکر و پودر‌ذرت در 48 ساعت 4) آب حاوی پنج درصد شکر و پودر ‌ذرت در 72 ساعت 5) آب حاوی پنج درصد شکر و جیره‌آغازین در 48 ساعت 6) آب حاوی پنج درصد شکر و جیره‌آغازین در 72 ساعت 7) آب حاوی گلوکوپلاس و پودر ذرت در 48 ساعت 8) آب حاوی گلوکوپلاس و جیره‌آغازین در 48‌ساعت بودند. افزایش وزن روزانه و وزن زنده 42 روزگی در پرندگانی که با تیمارهای یک وهشت تغذیه شدند از سایر تیمارها (به‌جز تیمار شش) بیشتر بود(p <0/05). بالاترین مصرف خوراک روزانه مربوط به تیمار یک بود که با سایر تیمار ها (به جز شش و هشت) اختلاف معنی داری داشت(p <0/05). درصد تلفات بین تیمارهای مختلف در 42 و 49 روزگی تفاوت نداشت. شاخص کارایی تولید در 42 روزگی در جوجه های که با آب حاوی گلوکوپلاس و جیره آغازین در 48 ساعت دریافت کردند بالاتر از سایر تیمارها (به جز یک و 5) بود(p <0/05). تینارهای آزمایشی اثری بر وزن نسبی اندام های داخلی و قسمت های مختلف لاشه و هم چنین بر گلبول های سفید خون نداشتند. با توجه به نتایج حاصل و ملاحظات اقتصادی تغذیه اولیه با جیره آغازین و آب معمولی در مزارع برورش جوجه گوشتی قابل توصیه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of different feeding methods in the first days of breeding period on growth performance and blood metabolites of broiler chickens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saifali Varmaghany 1
  • mansoor Ahmadi 2
  • jafar Pormasoor 3
  • Hoshang Jafari 4
1 Assistant Professor, Animal Science Research Department, Ilam Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Ilam, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of animal science, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran
3 Student of MS Department of animal science, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran
4 Animal Science Research Department, Ilam Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Ilam, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The effect of different feeding methods in the first three days of the rearing period on production traits and immune system of one-day-old chicken broilers (Ross 308) for 49 days was studied. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with eight treatments / four replications and 15 chickens per replication The experimental treatments included: 1- water and starter diet, 2- water and corn powder for 48 hours, 3- water containing 5% sugar and corn powder for 48 hours, 4-water containing 5% sugar and corn powder for 72 hours, 5-water containing 5% sugar and starter diet for 48 hours, 6-water containing 5% sugar and starter diet for the 72 hours, 7- water containing glucoplus and corn powder for 48 hours and 8- water containing glucoplus and starter diet for 72 hours. Treatments of 1 and 8 had the highest live weight and body weight gain at d 42 in compare to the other treatments except treatment 6 (p < 0.05). The greatest daily feed intake was observed in treatment 1 which had significant difference with others groups except treatments 6 and 8 (p < 0.05). The mortality rate was not significant between treatments at 42 and 49 days. The greatest production efficiency factor was observed in treatment 8 at d 42, (p < 0.05), which had significant difference with others groups ( except treatments 1 and 5). Experimental treatments had no effect on relative weight of internal organs, carcass components and white blood cells counts. According to the results and economic considerations, initial feeding with the starter diet and common water in broiler farms is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Broiler Chicken
  • Carcass characteristic
  • growth performance
  • Immune system
  • Initial nutrition
1. Ali Laleh MR and A Nobakht A (2016) The
effect of different early nutrition methods on
performance, carcass traits and immune
responses of broiler chicks. Journal of Animal
Science Researches, 26: 213-229 (In Persian).
2. Asgari M (2006) The effect of early feeding on
blood factors, immune system, digestive tract
and intestinal morphology of broiler chicks.
M.Sc. Thesis, Tarbiat Modares University,
Tehran, 121 pages.
3. Berguog H, Guinebretiere M, Tong Q and
Michel V (2013) Effect of transportation
duration of 1-day-old chicks on postplacement
production performances and pododermatitis
of broilers up to slaughter age. Poultry
Science, 92(12): 3300-3309.
4. Cotter PF (2015) An examination of the utility of
heterophile lymphocyte ratio in assessing stress
of caged hens. Poultry Science, 94:512-517.
5. Gholami M, Seidavi A, Cormac J and
Dadehbeiki M (2017) Feeding regimen of
breeder broiler hen influences growth
performance of the broiler chickens. Livestock
Science, 203: 132-135.
6. Gross WB and Siegel PB (1983) Evaluation of
the heterophil/lymphocyte ratio as measure of
stress in chickens. Avian Disease, 27: 972-979.
7. Hollemans MS, Vries SD, Lammers A and
Clouard V (2018) Effects of early nutrition
and transport of 1-day-old chickens on
production performance and fear response.
Poultry Science, 97: 2534-2542.
8. Hooshmand, M (2006) Effect of early programs
on broiler performance. International Journal of
Poultry Science, 5: 1140-1143.
9. Huff GR, Huff WE, Jalukar S, Oppy J, Rath
NC and Packialakshmi B (2013) The effects of
yeast feed supplementation on turkey
performance and pathogen colonization in a
transport stress/Escherichia coli challenge.
Poultry Science, 92: 655-662.
10. Jain NC (1986) Schalm’s veterinary hematology.
4th ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.
11. Keeqin C, Wu S, Morgan N, Chot M (2017)
An early feeding regime a high-density amino
acid diet on growth performance of broilers
under subclinical necrotic enteritis challenge.
Animal Nutrition, 3: 25-32.
12. Khosravinia H (2010) Effect of road
transportation stress on newly hatched broiler
chicks. Proceeding of the 2nd International
Conference Veterinary Poultry. Tehran Iran.
P. 153.
13. Lilburn MS and Loeffler S (2015) Early
intestinal growth and development in poultry.
Poultry Science, 94: 1569-1576.
14. Molenar R and Van den brand H (2011) Good
Start from early post hatch Feed. World
Poultry Science, 27: 8-9.
15. Noy Y and Uni Z (2010) Early nutritional
strategies. World’s Poultry Science Journal,
66: 639-646.
16. Olanrewaju OM, Miller WW, Maslin WR,
Collier SD, Purswell JL and Branton SL
(2014) Effects of strain and light intensity on
growth performance and carcass
characteristics of broilers grown to heavy
weights. Poultry Science, 93: 112-116.
17. Panda AK, Bhanja, SK and Shyam Sunder G
(2015) Early post hatch nutrition on immune
system development and function in broiler
chickens. World’s Poultry. Science Journal,
71: 285-296.
18. Pettek M, Yilmaz E and Cibik R (2007) Effect
of first feed intake time on broiler
performance and carcass traits. Journal of
Applied Animal Research, 32: 203-206.
19. Pisarski R K, Pijarska I and Malec H (2005)
The effect of feeding broiler chicks during
transportation on yolk sac, body weight and
anti IBDV level in blood. Journal of Animal
and Feed Science, 14: 479-482.
20. Pourrezaa J, Zamania F, Tabeidianb A and
Toghyanic M (2012) Effect of early feeding or
feed deprivation on growth performance of
broiler Chicks. Research Opinions in Animal
and Veterinary Sciences, 2: 136-140.
21. Prabakar G; Pavulraj S; Shanmuganathan S;
Kirubakaran A and Mohana N (2016) Early
nutrition and its importance in Poultry: A
Review. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition,
33: 245-254.
22. Rammous ES, Abboud M, Yammine S and
Jammal B (2011) Effect of post-hatch early
feeding times starter supplement with egg yolk
and white of broiled chicken eggs. (Rhod
Island Red) on growth performance. Viscera
development. and immune response in broiler
chickens. Australian Journal of Basic and
Applied Science, 5(6): 660-671.
23. Rajesh J, Amit Kumar S, Sudhir Y, Julio
Francisco DB and Birendra M (2019) Early
nutrition programming (in ovo and post-hatch
feeding) as a strategy to modulate gut health of
poultry. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6: 1-10.
24. Saki AA (2005) Effect of post-hatch feeding
on broiler performance. International Journal
of Poultry Science, 4: 4-6.
25. SAS (2004) SAS/STAT® User's guide release
6.03 edition. SAS institute Inc. Cary NC.
26. Sigel PB (2014) Evolution of the modern
broiler and feed efficiency. Annual Review
Animal Bioscience, 2: 375-85.
27. Uni Z and Ferket RP (2004) Methods for early
nutrition and their potential. World’s Poultry
Science Journal, 60: 101-111.