نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار موسسه آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، سازمان تحقیقات ، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ایران ، تهران تخصص: تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان/ تغذیه اسب

2 دانش آموخته مقطع کارشناسی ارشد مرکز آموزش علمی کاربردی شهید زمانپور ، ایران، تهران

3 استادیار موسسه تحقیقات علوم دامی کشور، ایران ، کرج

چکیده

تأثیر ترکیب عصاره آبی گیاه آویشن و برگ اکالیپتوس بر عملکرد و سلامت گوساله‌های شیرخوار نژاد هلشتاین، با استفاده از 32 رأس گوساله (16رأس ماده و 16 رأس نر) با سن3 ± 7 روز و میانگین وزن 3± 40/4 کیلوگرم در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار جیره آزمایشی و هشت تکرار به‌مدت 70 روز بررسی شد. جیره‌های آزمایشی شامل شاهد (بدون افزودنی)؛ و تیمارهای 10، 15 و 20 میلی‌لیتر عصاره در شیر مصرفی (50 درصد آویشن+50 درصد اکالیپتوس) بودند. به‌منظور سنجش تغییرات وزن بدن، اندازه دور سینه و قد، گوساله‌ها در روزهای هفت ، 28، 49، 70 ساعت 10 صبح وزن‌کشی و ابعاد بدن آنها اندازه گیری و ثبت شد. جهت تعیین فراسنجه‌های خونی در روز هفتاد نمونه‌های خون از ورید گردنی اخذ شد. گوساله‌های دریافت کننده جیره‌های حاوی 15 و 20 میلی لیتر عصاره نسبت به گروه شاهد میانگین افزایش وزن بالاتر و ابعاد بدنی بزرگ‌تری داشتند(0/05>P). افزودن عصاره‌های آویشن و اکالیپتوس به جیره اثری بر قابلیت هضم و میزان خوراک مصرفی نداشت ولی بازده مصرف خوراک در گوساله‌های دریافت کننده جیره حاوی 20 میلی‌گرم عصاره بهبود یافت (0/05>P). شاخص مدفوع و ترشح چشم در گوساله‌های دریافت کننده جیره‌های حاوی 15 و 20 میلی‌لیتر عصاره نسبت به گروه شاهد بهبود یافت (0/05>P). همچنین افزودن 20 میلی‌لیتر عصاره باعث کاهش میزان گلوکز و افزایش تعداد گلبول‌های قرمز و هماتوکریت در خون گوساله‌های دریافت کننده نسبت گروه‌های آزمایشی دیگر شد (0/05>P). بر اساس نتایج این تحقیق، افزودن 20 میلی‌لیتر عصاره برگ اکالیپتوس وآویشن به شیر مصرفی روزانه می‌تواند باعث بهبود عملکرد و سلامت گوساله‌های شیرخوار شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of mixed thyme and eucalyptus leaves aqueous extract on the performance and health of Holstein suckling calves

نویسندگان [English]

  • hossein manafi rasi 1
  • Ali Bayat 2
  • hormoz mansouri 3

1 Assistant Professor,Institute of Agricultural Education and Extension, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Iran, Tehran

2 M.Sc. Holder in Animal Science, Shahid Zamanpour Applied Science Education Center, Iran, Tehran

3 Assistant Professor, Institute of Animal Science Research, Iran, Karaj

چکیده [English]

To determine the effect of mixed thyme and eucalyptus leaves aqueous’ extract on the performance and health of Holstein suckling calves, an experiment using 32 calves (16 females and 16 males) with 7±3 days old and an average weight of 40.4±3 kg was carried out in a completely randomized design with four treatments and 8 replicate for 70 days. The treatments were: diets with no extract (control); and diets containing10, 15, and 20 ml of extract (50 % thyme + 50% eucalyptus) in consumed milk. In order to evaluate changes in body weight, chest circumference and height, the data were measured and recorded on days 7, 28, 49, and 70 at 10 a.m. To determine the blood parameters, blood samples were taken from the jugular vein on the 70th days. It turned out that the extract can result in a higher mean body weight gain and larger body size (P <0.05). Moreover, thyme and eucalyptus extracts appeared not to have any effect on digestibility and feed intake, but feed efficiency improved with 20 ml (P <0.05). Fecal and eye secretion index in calves receiving diets containing 15 and 20 ml of extract improved compared to the control group (P <0.05). Also, adding 20 ml of the extract reduced the amount of glucose and increased the number of red blood cells and hematocrit in the blood of the receiving calves compared to other experimental groups. The findings indicated that adding 20 ml eucalyptus and thyme extracts in daily milk, can improve the performance and health of Holstein suckling calves

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aqueous extract
  • Growth
  • Health
  • herbal plants
  • Suckling Calf

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