زاغری م، قاسمی م م، شیوازاد م و شیخ احمدی ا (1388) بررسی ارزش غذایی هسته خرما در تغذیه جوجههای گوشتی. مجله علوم دامی ایران. 40(3): 30- 21.
Al- Bowait M and Al- Sultan SI (2006) Aspects of the serum Biochemistry, carcass quality and organoleptic characteristics of broilers fed Alkali- treated date pits. International Journal of Poultry Science 5: 284- 288.
Aldhaheri A, Alhadrami G, Aboalnaga N, Wasfi I and Elridi M (2004) Chemical composition of date pits and reproductive hormonal status of rats fed date pits. Food Chemistry 86: 93-97.
Aljuobori A, Idrus Z, Farjam AS, Liang JB and Awad EA (2014) Effect of solid state fermentation on nutrient content and ileal amino acids digestibility of canola meal in broiler chickens. Italian Journal of Animal Science 13: 410-414.
Arun KP, Savaran VR, Mantena VLNR and Sharma SR (2006) Dietary supplementation of Lactobacillus sporogenes on performance and serum biochemico- lipid prefill of broiler chickens. The Journal of Poultry Science 43: 235-240.
Asgari GH, Chavoshani A and Seid- mohammadi A (2013) Removal of pentachlorophenol using microwave assisted persulfate from synthetic wastewater. Journal of water and wastewater 25 (4): 1-10.
Ashayerizadeh A, Dastar B, Shams Shargh M, Sadeghi Mahoonak A and Zerehdaran S (2017) Fermented rapeseed meal is effective in controlling Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection and improving growth performance in broiler chicks. Veterinary Microbiology 201: 93-102.
Cao FL, Zhang HX, Yu WW, Zhao LG and Wang T (2012) Effect of feeding fermented Ginkgo biloba leaves on growth performance, meat quality, and lipid metabolism in broilers. Poultry Science 91: 1210 - 1221.
Chen W, Wang JP, Yan L and Huang YQ (2013) Evaluation of probiotics in diets with different nutrient densities on growth performance, blood characteristic, relative organ weight and breast meat characteristics in broilers. British PoultryScience 54. 635- 641.
Chen W, Zhu XZ, WangJP, Wang ZXand Uuang YQ (2013) Effect of Bacillus subtilis var.natto and Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermented liquid feed on growth performance, relative organ weight, intestinal microflora and organ antioxidant status in landes geese. Journal Animal Science 91:978-985.
ChiangG, Lu WQ,PiaoXS, Hu JK, Gong LM and Thacker PA (2010) Effects of feeding solid – state fermented rapeseed meal on performance, nutrient digestibility, intestinal ecology and intestinal morphology of broiler chickens. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 23:263-271.
CunixNIE, WenjuZhang, WenxiaGE, Yongqiang Wang, Yanfeng LIU and JianchengLIU (2015) Effect of fermented cottonseed meal on the growth performance, apparent digestibility, carcass traits, and meat composition in yellow- feathered broilers. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 39:350-356
Dei KH,Rose SP, Mackenzie AM and Amarowiezt R (2008) Growth performance of broiler chicken fed diets containing shea nut (vitellaria paradoxa,Gaertn) meal fermented with Aspergillus niger. Poultry science 87: 1773-1778.
El-Far AH, Ahmed HA and Shaheen H M (2016) Dietary supplementation of Phoenix dactylifera seed enhances performance, immune response and antioxidant status in broiler. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 1-9.
FAO (2010) Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. Rome: Date Palm cultivation.
Ferket PR(1993) Practical use of feed enzymes for turkeys and broiler. Journal Applied Poultry Research 2: 75-81.
Ghasemi R, Torki M and Zarei, M (2014) Single or combined effects of date pits and olive pulps on productive traits, egg quality, serum lipids and leucocytes profiles of laying hens. Journal of Applied Animal Research 42: 103- 109.
Gopinger E, Xavier EG, Elias MC, Catalan AA, Castro ML Nunes AP and Roll VF (2014) The effect of different dietary levels of canola meal on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and gut morphology of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 93: 1130-11.
Jazi V, Boldaji F, Dastar B Hashemi SR and Ashayerizadeh A (2017) Effect of fermented cottonseed meal on the growth performance, gastrointestinal microflora population and small intestinal morphology in broiler chickens. British poultry Science 58(4): 402-408.
Kraler M, Schedle K, Doming KJ, Heine D, Michlmayr H and Kneifel W (2014) Effects of fermented and extruded wheat bran on total tract apparent digestibility of nutrients, minerals and energy in growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 197: 121-129.
Lawal TE, Faniyi GF, Alabi OM, Ademola SG, and Lawal TO (2012) Enhancement of the feeding value of wheat offal for broiler feeding after its solid state fermentation with Aspergillus niger. African Journal of Biotechnology: 11(65) 12925-12929.
Malick CP and Singh MB (1980) In plant enzymology and histo enzymology. Kalyani Publishers.
Nalle CL Ravindran V and Ravindran G (2012) Nutritional value of white (Lupinus albus) for broilers: apparent metabolisable energy, apparent ileal amino acid digestibility and production performance. Animal 6: 579- 585.
Oso AO, Li L, Zhang B, Lio R, Fan JX, Wang S, Jiang G, Liu H, Rahoo T, Tossou MC, Pirgozliev V, Oduguwa OO and Bamgbose AM (2015) Effect fungal fermentation with Aspergillus niger and enzyme supplementation on metabolizable energy values of unspeeled cassava root meal for meat – type cockerels . Animal Feed Science and Technology 201: 281-286.
Papagianni M (2007) Advances in citric acid fermentation by (Aspergillus niger): biochemical aspects, membrane transport and modeling. Biotechnology Advances 25:244-263.
Rajesh N, Joseph I and Paul Raj R (2010) Value addition of vegetable wastes by solid – state fermentation using Aspergillus niger for use in aquafeed industry. Waste Management 30, 2223- 2227.
Salajegheh MH, Yousef Elahi M and Salarmoini M (2017) Evaluating the nutritional value of date pits and demonstrating their application in laying hen diets. Journal Animal Physiology Animal Nutrition 1-10.
Santose U, Tanaka K and othani S (1995) Effect of dried Bacillus subtilis culture on growth, body composition and hepatic lipogenic enzyme activity in female broiler chicks. British Journal of Nutrition 74: 523-529.
Shelton JL, Dean DW, Southern LL and Bidner TD (2005) Effect of protein and energy sources and bulk density of diets on growth performance of chicks. Poultry Science 84: 1547- 1554.
Zhenhua G, Haohao W, Lin S, Xiaohui Z, Ran S, Fuquan Y and Ravi G (2017) Study of Bacillus subtilis on growth performance, nutrition metabolism and intestinal microflora of 1-42 d broiler chickens.Animal Nutrition Journal doi: 10.1016/j.aninu.2017.02.002.