اثر‌ مکمل‌های پروبیوتیکی و پری‌بیوتیکی بر عملکرد تولیدی گاوهای شیری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیات علمی دانشگاه

2 گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه بیرجند

چکیده

هدف از اجرای این آزمایش بررسی تأثیر مکمل­هایپروبیوتیکی و پری­بیوتیکی بر عملکرد گاوهای شیری هلشتاین بود. به همین منظور تعداد 40 راس گاو شیری نژاد هلشتاین با تولید شیر روزانه 8/0 ± 33 کیلوگرم و وزن اولیه 40 ± 700 کیلوگرم در چهار گروه در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی قرار گرفتند. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل: 1) گروه شاهد (جیره پایه)، 2) گروه پروبیوتیک (جیره پایه + چهار گرم پروبیوتیک به ازای هر راس در روز)، 3) گروه پری بیوتیک (جیره پایه + 14گرم پری­بیوتیک به ازای هر راس در روز)، 4) گروه سین بیوتیک (جیره پایه + چهار گرم پروبیوتیک + 14 گرم پری­بیوتیک به ازای هر راس در روز) بودند. نتایج این آزمایش نشان داد، میانگین مدت زمان جویدن، نشخوارکردن و خوردن بین جیره­های مختلف آزمایش اختلاف معنی­داری وجود داشت (05/0>P). بیشترین مدت زمان جویدن، نشخوار کردن و خوردن متعلق به گروهی بود که پروبیوتیک مصرف کرده بودند و با سایر گروه­ها اختلاف معنی­داری داشت (05/0>P). با مصرف پروبیوتیک مقدار تولید شیرخام روزانه، تولید شیر با 5/3 درصد چربی و تولید شیر با چهار درصد چربی افزایش پیدا کرد و اختلاف­معنی­داری (05/0P<) با گروه شاهد (جیره پایه بدون افزودنی) داشت. بازده غذایی در جیره­های مکمل­شده با توجه به افزایش تولید شیر خام افزایش یافت. شاخص­های سلامتی، قوام و سیالیت مدفوع در جیره­های مکمل شده بهبود یافت. بنابر این مصرف پروبیوتیک در تغذیه گاهای شیری عملکرد و شاخص­های سلامتی را بهبود میبخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Probiotic and Peribiotic supplements on production performance of dairy cows

نویسندگان [English]

  • masood didarkhah 1
  • hadi sarir 2
1 Assistant professor
2 , Department of Agriculture, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of probiotic and peribiotic supplements on performance of Holstein dairy cows. For this purpose, 40 Holstein dairy cows with daily milk production of 33 ± 0/8 kg and initial weight 700 ± 40 kg were divided into four groups in a completely randomized design. The experimental treatments consisted: 1- control group (basic diet) 2- probiotic group (base diet + 4 gr probiotic per head per day) 3- prebiotic group (base diet + 14 gr perbiotypes per Ross per day) 4- Synbiotic group (base diet + 4 gr probiotic + 14 gr perbiotic per head per day). The results of this experiment showed that there was a significant difference between the average duration of chewing, rumination and eating among different diets (P <0.05). The most duration of chewing, rumination and eating belonged to the group that consumed probiotics and had a significant difference with other groups (P <0.05). Probiotics consumption increased the amount of daily milk production, milk production with 3.5% fat and milk production with 4% fat, and a significant difference (P <0.05) with the control group (basal diet without additive). Feed efficiency increased in supplementary rations and resulted in a better performance of probiotic diets. Health indicators, consistency and fluidity of stool in supplementary diets have also improved.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Consistency of stool
  • Dairy Cows
  • Milk production
  • Probiotic
  • Peribiotic
  • Synbiotic
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