1. Amiri H (2012) Essential oils composition and antioxidant properties of three thymus species. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 1-8.
2. Apajalahti J (2005) Comparative gut microflora, metabolic challenges, and potential opportunities. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 14: 444-453.
3. Azwanida NN (2015) A review on the extraction methods use in medicinal plants, principle, strength and limitation. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 4(3): 1-6.
4. Bölükbaşi SC, Erhan MK and Ozkan A (2006) Effect of dietary thyme oil and vitamin E on growth, lipid oxidation, meat fatty acid composition and serum lipoproteins of broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science. 36: 189-196.
5. Dorman HJD and Deans SG (2000) Antimicrobial agents from plants: antibacterial activity of plant volatile oils. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 88: 308-316.
6. Fenton TW and Fenton M (1979) An improved procedure for the determination of chromic oxid in feed and feces. Canadian Journal of Animal Science. 59: 631-634.
7. Geyra A, Uni Z and Sklan D (2001) Enterocyte dynamics and mucosal development in the posthatch chick. Poultry Science. 80(6): 776-782.
8. GhasemiPirbalouti A, Rahimmalek M, Malekpoor F and Karimi A (2011) Variation in antibacterial activity, thymol and carvacrol contents of wild populations of Thymus daenensis subsp. daenensis Celak. Plant Omics Journal. 4(4): 209-214.
9. Hady MM, Zaki MM, Abd ELGW and Korany Reda MS (2016) Assessment of the broilers performance, gut healthiness and carcass characteristics in response to dietary inclusion of dried coriander, turmeric and thyme. International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research. 2(6): 153-159.
10. Hashemipour H, Kermanshahi H, Golian A and Veldkamp T (2013) Effect of thymol and carvacrol feed supplementation on performance, antioxidant enzyme activities, fatty acid composition, digestive enzyme activities, and immune response in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 92: 2059-2069.
11. Hernandez F, Madrid J, Garcia V, Orengo J and Megias MD (2004) Influence of two plant extracts on broilers performance, digestibility, and digestive organ size. Poultry Science. 83(2): 169-174.
12. Iji PA, Saki AA and Tivey DR (2001) Intestinal development and body growth of broiler chicks on diets supplemented with non-starch polysaccharides. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 89(3): 175-188.
13. Jamroz D, Williczkiewicz A, Wertelecki T, Orda J and Skorupinska J (2005) Use of active substances of plant origin in chicken diets based on maize and locally grown cereals. British Poultry Science 46: 485-493.
14. Jo C and Ahn DU (1998) Fluorometric analysis of 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in turkey. Poultry Science. 77: 475-480.
16. Lee SJ, Umano K, Shibamoto T and Lee KG (2005) Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties. Food Chemistry. 91: 131-137.
17. Mountzouris KC, Tsitrsikos P, Palamidi I, Arvaniti A, Mohnl M, Schatzmayr G and Fegeros K (2010) Effects of probiotic inclusion levels in broiler nutrition on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, plasma immunoglobulins, and cecal microflora composition. Poultry Science. 89(1): 58-67.
20. Rahimi S, Teymouri Zadeh Z, Karimi Torshizi MA, Omidbaigi R and Rokni H (2011) Effect of the three herbal extracts on growth performance, immune system, blood factors and intestinal selected bacterial population in broiler chickens. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 13: 527-539.
21. Samanya M and Yamauchi KE (2002) Histological alterations of intestinal villi in chickens fed dried Bacillus subtilis var. natto. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 133: 95-104.
22. Sharifi SD, Dibamehr A, Lotfollahian H and Baurhoo B (2012) Effects of flavomycin and probiotic supplementation to diets containing different sources of fat on growth performance, intestinal morphology, apparent metabolizable energy, and fat digestibility in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 91(4): 918-927.
23. Steenfeldt S, Hammershøj M, Müllertz A and Jensen JF (1998) Enzyme supplementation of wheat-based diets for broilers: 2. Effect on apparent metabolisable energy content and nutrient digestibility. Animal Feed Science and Ttechnology. 75(1): 45-64.
24. Wang HL, Shi M, Xu X, Pan L, Zhao PF, Ma XK, Tian QY and Piao XS (2016) Effects of flavomycin, bacillus licheniformis and enramycin on performance, nutrient digestibility, gut morphology and the intestinal microflora of broilers. The Journal of Poultry Science. 53(2): 128-135.
25. Xu ZR, Hu CH, Xia MS, Zhan XA and Wang MQ (2003) Effects of dietary fructooligosaccharide on digestive enzyme activities, intestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers. Poultry Science. 82(6): 1030-1036.
26. Youdim KA and Deans SG (2000) Effect of thyme oil and thymol dietary supplementation on the antioxidant status and fatty acid composition of the ageing rat brain. British Journal of Nutrition. 83: 87-93.