عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this study was to examine use of Prosopis julifora pods (PJP) in lactating goats (twenty lactating Tali goats with body weight mean of 34 ± 2.5 kg) diet. Goats were divided in two groups of ten heads) One group with control diet and the other group with Prosopis julifora) and fed for 12 weeks. Diets were prepared based on goats’ requirements from both forage and concentrate with equal proportion. PJP rate in total experimental diet was 19.25%. Animals were weighed individually the beginning of the trial and every two weeks until the end of period. Their weight changes were calculated. Also, their weekly milk production rate and milk compositions were determined. The average daily milk yield and milk fat percent in fed goats with control diet and PJP diet was 550 and 570g, and 3.24 and 2.39%, respectively that weren’t statistically different. Milk compositions (fat, protein, ash, solid material and solid material without fat) weren’t affected by the diet. The body weight during of experimental period and also, between two groups was not significant different statistically. Total cost of feed and milk production of fed goats with 20% PJP diet was cheaper than control group. Therefore, PJP can be used as a feedstuff up to 20% of lactating goats’ diet and reduce nutrition cost.
5. Abdulrazak, SA, Awano, T, Ichinohe, T, Fujihara, T and Nyangaga, J (1999) Nutritive evaluation of Prosopis juliflora fruits and leaves from Kenya: Chemical composition and in vitro gas production. In Proceeding of British Society of Animal Science, Scarbor. 22-24 March 1999 p. 146.
6. Abdullah YA, Belal SO, Marwan MM, Sulaiman KM and Majdi AA (2011) Growth performance, carcass and meatcharacteristics of black goat kids fed sesame hulls and Prosopis juliflora Pods. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 24: 1217-1226.
7. Ali AS, Tudsri S, Rungmekarat S and Kaewtrakulpong K (2012) Effect of Feeding Prosopis juliflora Pods and Leaves on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Afar Sheep. Kasetsart Journal of Natural Science 46: 871-881.
8. Anttila L, Johansson, AGM and Johansson, SG (1993) Browse preference of Orma livestock and chemical composition of Prosopis juliflora and nine indigenous woody species in Bura, Eastern Kenya. East African Agriculture Journal 58: 83-90.
9. AOAC (2000) Official Methods of Analysis, 17th Edn. Association of Official analytical Chemists, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
10. Batista AM, Mustafa AF, Mckinnon TJ and Kermasha S (2002) In situ ruminal and intestinal nutrient digestibility of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pods. Animal Feed Science and Technology 22: 107-112.
11. Chaturvedi OH and Sahoo A (2013) Nutrient utilization and rumen metabolism in sheep fed Prosopis juliflora pods and Cenchrus grass. Available at http://www.springerplus.com/content/2/1/598.
12. Hassen M, Mamu G and Hamza K (2017) Effect of supplementing pounded Prosopis juliflora pods on hematological profiles of Afar goats fed on Panicum antidotale hay. African Journal of Agricultural Research 12(23): 2017-2023.
14. Kipchirchir KO (2010) Effect of Prosopis juliflora seed pod meal supplement on weight gain of weiner Galla goats. BSc. Range Management University of Nairoi.
15. Kitaw G, Assefa G, Kehaliw A, Wondatir Z and Fekadu D (2013) Feeding value of Prosopis juliflora Pod Flour in the concentrate diet of lactating cross bred (F1 Boran x Friesian) dairy Cows. Advanced Journal of Agricultural Research 1(2): 006-010.
16- Mahgoub O, Kadim IT, Forsberg NE, Al-Ajmi DS, Al-Saqry NM, Al-Abri AS and Annamalai K (2005) Evaluation of Meskit (Prosopis juliflora) pods as a feed for goats. Animal Feed Science and Technology 121: 3-4.
17. Nakano H, Nakajima E and Hirataro S (2004) Growth inhibitory alkaloid from mesquites (Prosopis juliflora (SW)) leaves. Photochemistry 65:87-594.
18. National Research Council (2007) Nutrient Requirement of small ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervis, and New World Camelids. National Academy Press, Washington DC.
20. Ranga Rao NS and Reddy MR (1983) Utilization of Prosopis juliflura pods in the concentrate feeds of cattle and sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Science 53(4): 367-372.
21. Ravikala K, Patel AM, Murthy KS and Wadhwani KN (1995) Growth efficiency in feedlot lambs on Prosopis juliflora based diets. Small Ruminant Research 16: 227-231.
22. SAS, Statistical Analysis System (2001) Users Guide, Statistics, version 9.1. SAS Institute, Carry, NC, USA.
23. Sawal RK, Ratan R and Yadav SBS (2004) Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pods as a feed resource for livestock A review. Asian-Australia Journal of Animal Science 17: 719-725.
24. Sirohi AS, Mathur BK, Misra AK and Tewari JC (2017) Effect of feeding crushed and entire dried Prosopis juliflora pods on feed intake, growth and reproductive performance of arid goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 87(2): 238-240.
25. Talpada PM and Shukla PC (1990) Utilization of Prosopis juliflora pods in the concentrate supplement of lactating cows. Indian Journal of Animal Science 60(9): 1121-1123.
27. William K (2015) Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora): Livestock Grazing, Its Toxicity and Management. Journal of Bioresource Management 2(2): 49-58.