تأثیر سطوح مختلف غده کامل سیر تازه بر عملکرد تولید، سیستم ایمنی و خصوصیات لاشه جوجه‌های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ایلام ، سازمان تحقیقات آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ایلام - ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تخصص: تغذیه طیور

3 مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم دامی کشور

4 بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ایلام، سازمان تحقیقات آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ایلام- ایرات

5 بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی زنجان سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی زنجان - ایران

چکیده

تأثیر غده کامل سیر تازه بر شاخص تولید، سیستم ایمنی و خصوصیات لاشه در دو آزمایش مستقل در شرایط طبیعی و در شرایط تنش سرمائی با استفاده از 592 قطعه جوجه خروس یک‌روزه سویه آرین به مدت 42 روز مطالعه شد. آزمایش اول در دمای طبیعی با چهار تیمار، چهار تکرار و 21 پرنده در هر تکرار و آزمایش دوم در شرایط استرس سرمایی با چهار تیمار، چهار تکرار و 16 پرنده در هر تکرار در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی متعادل اجرا شدند. تیمارهای غذایی در هر دو آزمایش شامل 1- جیره پایه بدون سیر (تیمار شاهد) 2- جیره دارای 5/0 درصد سیر 3- جیره داری یک درصد سیر و 4- جیره دارای 5/1 درصد سیر بودند. بالاترین مقدار افزایش وزن روزانه و شاخص تولید در هر دو شرایط دمای معمولی و استرس سرمایی مربوط به تیمار 5/0 درصد سیر بود (01/0P

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of different levels of fresh whole garlic bulb on growth performance, immune system and carcass characteristics in broiler chickens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saifali Varmaghany 1
  • mohammad amir karimi turshizi 2
  • hoshang lotfulahian 3
  • hosang jafari 4
  • Mohammad Hossein nemati 5
1 Animal Science Research Department, Ilam Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, Tehran, Iran
2 faculty agricultural, Tarbit Modares univercity
3 animal science research institu
4 Animal Science Research Department, Ilam Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, Tehran, Iran.
5 Animal science research departement, Zanjan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center,Agricultural Research Education and Extension Tehran-Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of fresh whole garlic bulb (FGBP) on production index, immune system and carcass characteristics of Arian broiler strain, 592 male one day old chicks were studied during 42 days in two independent experiments. The first experiment was conducted under normal temperature condition (NTC) with 4 treatments, 4 replicates and 21 birds per replicate and second experiment was conducted under cold temperature condition (CTC) with 4 treatments, 4 replicates and 16 birds per replicate basis balanced completely randomized design. The treatments were 1- basal diet without FGBP (control group), 2, 3 and 4 basal diet containing 0.5, 1 and 1.5 percent FGBP, respectively under both NTC and CTC. The highest level of body weight gain and production index were related to treatment of basal diet with 0.5 percent FGBP treatment under both NTC and CTC (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Broiler Chicken
  • Carcass characteristic
  • Fresh garlic
  • growth performance
  • Immune system

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